The association of treatment with hydroxychloroquine and hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients
et al., Internal and Emergency Medicine,
2075 hospital patients in Spain showing HCQ reduces mortality 52%, odds ratio OR 0.39, p<0.001, after adjustment for age, gender, temperature > 37 °C, and saturation of oxygen < 90% treatment with azithromycin, steroids, heparin, tocilizumab, a combination of lopinavir with ritonavir, and oseltamivir, and date of admission (model 4).
risk of death, 52.2% lower, RR 0.48, p < 0.001, treatment 237 of 1,857 (12.8%), control 49 of 162 (30.2%), NNT 5.7, adjusted per study, odds ratio converted to relative risk.
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Ayerbe et al., 9/30/2020, retrospective, database analysis, Spain, Europe, peer-reviewed, 3 authors.