et al., J. Marine Medical Society,
90% reduction in cases with HCQ pre-exposure prophylaxis. Retrospective 604 healthcare workers.
Mathai et al., 11/6/2020, retrospective, India, South Asia, peer-reviewed, 3 authors.
risk of COVID-19 case, 89.5% lower, RR 0.10, p < 0.001, treatment 10 of 491 (2.0%), control 22 of 113 (19.5%).
risk of COVID-19 case, 88.5% lower, RR 0.12, p < 0.001, treatment 5 of 491 (1.0%), control 10 of 113 (8.8%), symptomatic.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.