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0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 1.75 2+ Mortality 44% Improvement Relative Risk c19hcq.com/ozturk.html Favors HCQ Favors control
4 December 2020 - Late treatment study
Mortality analysis of COVID-19 infection in chronic kidney disease, haemodialysis and renal transplant patients compared with patients without kidney disease: a nationwide analysis from Turkey
Ozturk et al., Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, doi:10.1093/ndt/gfaa271 (Peer Reviewed)
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Retrospective 1210 hospitalized patients in Turkey focused on chronic kidney disease, haemodialysis and renal transplant patients, but also showing lower mortality with HCQ. Subject to confounding by indication.
risk of death, 43.9% lower, RR 0.56, p = 0.14, treatment 165 of 1,127 (14.6%), control 6 of 23 (26.1%), NNT 8.7, CQ/HCQ.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes.
Ozturk et al., 12/4/2020, retrospective, Turkey, Europe, peer-reviewed, 70 authors.
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