et al., Clinical Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa791 (Peer Reviewed)
Retrospective of 89 hospitalized patients, survival HR 0.89 [0.23-3.47], not statistically significant. Authors note that unmeasured confounders may have persisted and the study may be underpowered.
Paccoud et al., 6/18/2020, retrospective, France, Europe, peer-reviewed, 20 authors.
risk of death, 11.0% lower, RR 0.89, p = 0.88, treatment 21 of 38 (55.3%), control 26 of 46 (56.5%), adjusted per study.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.