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0 0.5 1 1.5 2+ Mortality 15% Improvement Relative Risk Hospitalization time -49% c19hcq.com Vernaz et al. HCQ for COVID-19 LATE TREATMENT Favors HCQ Favors control
Vernaz, 198 patient HCQ late treatment PSM study: 15% lower mortality [p=0.71] and 49% longer hospitalization [p=0.002] https://c19p.org/vernaz
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Early experimental COVID-19 therapies: associations with length of hospital stay, mortality and related costs
Vernaz et al., Swiss Medical Weekly, doi:10.4414/smw.2020.20446
31 Dec 2020    Source   PDF   Share   Tweet
Retrospective 840 hospitalized patients in Switzerland showing non-statistically significant lower mortality with HCQ but significantly longer hospitalization times. Confounding by indication is likely. PSM fails to adjust for severity with a 16% higher mNEWS score for HCQ vs. SOC in the matched cohort.
Time varying confounding is likely. HCQ became controversial and was suspended towards the end of the period studied, therefore HCQ use was likely more frequent toward the beginning of the study period, a time when overall treatment protocols were significantly worse.
Authors note: "overall, there was an indication bias, with the reason of prescription being associated with the outcome of interest. Indeed, patients with more severe COVID-19 were more likely to receive experimental therapies."
risk of death, 15.3% lower, RR 0.85, p = 0.71, treatment 12 of 93 (12.9%), control 16 of 105 (15.2%), NNT 43, HCQ vs. SOC, PSM.
hospitalization time, 49.0% higher, relative time 1.49, p = 0.002, treatment 93, control 105, HCQ vs. SOC, PSM.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. Submit updates
This study is excluded in the after exclusion results of meta analysis: substantial confounding by time likely due to declining usage over the early stages of the pandemic when overall treatment protocols improved dramatically, substantial unadjusted confounding by indication likely.
Vernaz et al., 12/31/2020, retrospective, propensity score matching, Switzerland, Europe, peer-reviewed, 15 authors.
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